Vols. 20-24


Volume 24 – Issue 3
Volume 24 – Issue 2
Volume 24 – Issue 1
Volume 23 – Issue 3
Volume 23 – Issue 2
Volume 23 – Issue 1
Volume 22 – Issue 3
Volume 22 – Issue 2
Volume 22 – Issue 1
Volume 21 – Issue 3
Volume 21 – Issue 2
Volume 21 – Issue 1
Volume 20 – Issue 3
Volume 20 – Issue 2
Volume 20 – Issue 1

Volume 24, Number 3 Summer 2001


Forward to Fundamental Alteration: Addressing ADA Title II Integration Lawsuits after Olmstead v. L. C. Jefferson D.E. Smith & Steve P. Calandrillo p. 695


“Multiply and Replenish”: Considering Same-Sex Marriage in Light of State Interests in Marital Procreation Lynn D. Wardle p. 771

Fourteenth Amendment Unenumerated Rights Jurisprudence: An Essay in Response to Stenberg v. Carhart David M. Smolin p. 815

Book Review

“No Law. . . Abridging” Joel M. Gora p. 841

Recent Developments

The United States Supreme Court, 1999 Term

Yes, Virginia (Tech), Our Government Is One of Limited Powers: United States v. Morrison, 120 S. Ct. 1740 (2000) p. 895

Not Because They Are Brown, But Because of EA: Rice v. Cayetano, 528 U.S. 495 (2000) p.921


Volume 24, Number 2 Spring 2001

Advice to the New American President

Advice to the Next Conservative President of the United States Steven G. Calabresi p. 369

Articles & Essays

Everything I Need to Know About Presidents I Learned from Dr. Seuss Gary Lawson p. 381

White House Action on Civil Justice Reform: A Menu for the New Millennium Victor E. Schwartz p. 393

Biological Terrorism: Legal Measures for Preventing Catastrophe Barry Kellman p. 417

Ending Our Anti-Union Federal Employment Policy Eugene Scalia p. 489

Advice to the New President on the FCC and Communications Policy Daniel E. Troy p. 503

Judicial Selection: A Pragmatic Approach Ed R. Haden p. 531

Civil Rights Law Enforcement: A Time for Healing Clint Bolick p. 555

Religion, the Public Square, and the Presidency Eric W. Treene p. 573

Reaffirming Marriage: A Presidential Priority David Orgon Coolidge & William C. Duncan p. 623

Free & Green: A New Approach to Environmental Protection Jonathan H. Adler p. 653


Volume 24, Number 1 Fall 2000


Law and the Political Process

Introduction: Campaign Finance and Media Influence Danny J. Boggs p. 5

Empirical Evidence in the Debate on Campaign Finance Reform John R. Lott p. 9

The Constitutional Question Frank I. Michelman p. 17

Against the Scribes: Campaign Finance Reform Revisited John O. McGinnis p. 25

Freedom of Speech and Speech about Political Candidates: The Unintended Consequences of Three Proposals Eugene Volokh p. 47

The Dangers, and Promise, of Shrink Missouri E. Joshua Rosenkranz p. 71

Political Parties and Spending Limits Jan Witold Baran p. 83

Oversight of Regulated Political Markets Samuel Issacharoff p. 91

The Redistricting Cases: Original Mistakes and Current Consequences Michael W. McConnell p. 103

Diffusion of Political Power and the Voting Rights Act Richard H. Pildes p. 119

The Dirty Little Secrets of Shaw Melissa L. Saunders p. 141

The Revitalization of Democracy in the New Millennium Steven G. Calabresi p. 151

“Revitalizing Democracy”: Some Caveats Charles Fried p. 155

The Necessity for Constrained Deliberation Richard A. Epstein p. 159

Revitalizing Democracy Lino A. Graglia p. 165

Power to the Voters Richard D. Parker p. 179


The Constitution and the Courts: A Question of Legitimacy James L. Buckley p. 189


Demystifying Antitrust State Action Doctrine Steven Semeraro p. 203

Misunderstood Precedent: Andrew Jackson and the Real Case against Censure James C. Ho p. 283

Book Review

The Judicial Brezhnev Doctrine Scott D. Gerber p. 309

Recent Developments

The United States Supreme Court, 1999 Term

“How Solemn Is the Duty of the Mighty Chief”: Mediating the Conflict of Rights in Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 120 S. Ct. 2446 (2000) p. 319

Volume 23, Number 3 Summer 2000


The Right to Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Neil M. Gorsuch p. 599

In Defense of the Exclusionary Rule Timothy Lynch p. 711

Revitalizing Consent Ilya Somin p. 753 Essays Scholars and Judges: Reason and Power Charles Fried p. 807

In Defense of Corporate Criminal Liability Lawrence Friedman p. 833

Empirical Analysis

Assessing Regulatory Impact Analyses: The Failure of Agencies to Comply With Executive Order 12,866 Robert W. Hahn, Jason K. Burnett, Yee-Ho I. Chan, Elizabeth A. Mader, and Petrea R. Moyle p. 859

Volume 23, Number 2 Spring 2000


The Alden Trilogy: Praise and Protest Roger C. Hartley p. 323

A Blessing in Disguise: Protesting Minority Faiths Through State Religious Freedom Non-Restoration Acts Gary S. Gildin p. 411

Death, Ethics, and the State Brian C. Kalt p. 487


The Tenth Amendment Among the Shadows: On Reading the Constitution in Plato’s Cave Jay S. Bybee p. 551

Recent Case

The United States Court of Appeal, 1999

D.C. Circuit Revives Nondelegation Doctrine…Or Does It? American Trucking Associations, Inc. v. EPA, 175 F.3d 1027 (D.C. Cir. 1999), modified, 195 F.3d 4 (D.C. Cir. 1999) p. 581


Volume 23, Number 1 Fall 1999

Symposium Competition, Free Markets, and the Law

Federalist Society Assistant Editors p. 1

Panel I: First Principles: Is There a Role for Antitrust Law? p. 3

Does Antitrust Have a Comparative Advantage? Frank Easterbrook p. 5

Is Antitrust Obsolete? Lino A. Graglia p. 11

The Case for Reforming the Antitrust Regulations (If Repeal is Not an Option) Fred L. Smith, Jr. p. 23

Panel II: International Law & Federalist: What Is the Reach of Regulation? p. 59

Regulation of Franchisor Opportunism and Production of the Institutional Framework: Federal Monopoly or Competition Between the States? Alan J. Meese p. 61

Externalities in Open Economy Antitrust and Their Implications For Internationl Competition Policy Alan O. Sykes p. 89

International Law and Federalism: What is the Reach of Regulation? Diane P. Wood p. 97

Debate: Public Choice: Do Politics Corrupt Antitrust Enforcement? p. 111

The Politics of Federal Antitrust Enforcement William J. Baer and David A. Balto p. 113

Economics Versus Politics in Antitrust Fred S. McChesney p. 133

Panel III: Does Regulation Promote Efficiency in Network Industries? P. 145

Network Industries and Antitrust A. Douglas Melamed p. 147

Regulating Network Industries: A Look at Intel Randal C. Picker p. 159

Panel IV: Does Consumer Choice Need to Be Managed? p. 195

Should Government Attempt to Influence Consumer Preference? Daniel D. Polsby p. 197

From Consumer Sovereignty to Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Incompletely Theorized Agreement? Cass R. Sunstein p. 203

Using Warnings to Extend the Boundaries of Consumer Sovereignty W. Kip Viscusi p. 211


Party Revisited: An Empirical Comparison of State and Lower Federal Court Interpretations of Nollan v. California Coastal Commission Brett Christopher Gerry p. 233 Recent Case

The United States Supreme Court, 1999 Term

The Promise and Perils of “Privileges or Immunities”: Saenz v. Roe, 119 S.Ct. 1518 (1999) p. 295

Volume 22, Number 3 Summer 1999


Union “Corporate Campaigns” As Blackmail: The RICO Battle at Bayou Steel Herbert R. Northrup and Charles H. Steen p. 771

“Typhoid Mary” Meets the ADA: A Case Study of the “Direct Threat” Standard Under the Americans with Disabilities Act Jeffrey A. Van Detta p. 849

Religious Speech in the Workplace: Harassment Or Protected Speech? Thomas C. Berg p. 959

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1997 Term

Second-Guessing the Quality of Mercy: Due Process in State Executive Clemency Proceedings, Ohio Adult Parole Authority v. Woodard, 118 S.Ct. 1244 (1998) p. 1009

Passing the Buck: The Supreme Court’s Failure to Clarify Qualified Immunity Doctrine to Protect Public Officials From Frivolous Lawsuits, Crawford-El v. Britton, 118 S. Ct. 1584 (1998) p. 1031

Recent Case

The United States Court of Appeals, 1998

Chevron Up in Smoke?: Tobacco at the Crossroads of Administrative Law, Brown v. Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Food & Drug Administration, 153 F.3d 155 (4th Cir. 1998) p. 1057

Volume 22, Number 2 Spring 1999


Removing Criminal Aliens: The Pitfalls and Promises of Federalism Peter H. Schuck and John Williams p. 367

Losing Control of America’s Future–The Census, Birthright Citizenship, and Illegal Aliens Charles Wood p. 465

The Guilty and the “Innocent”: An Examination of Alleged Cases of Wrongful Conviction from False Confessions Paul G. Cassell p. 523

Special Presidential Impeachment Section

Essay: Lies and Law Robert F. Nagel p. 605

Perjurer in the White House? The Constitutional Case for Perjury and Obstruction of Justice As High Crimes and Misdemeanors Charles J. Cooper p. 619

Presidential Sanctuaries After the Clinton Sex Scandals Randall K. Miller p. 647

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1997 Term

Attorney-Client Privilege-Dead or Alive?: A Post-Mortem Analysis of Swidler & Berlin v. United States, 118 S.Ct. 2081 (1998) p. 735

Is HIV Really a “Disability”?: The Scope of the Americans with Disabilities Act After Bragdon v. Abbott, 118 S.Ct. 2196 (1998) p. 751

Volume 22, Number 1 Fall 1998


Reviving the Structural Constitution

Panel I: Formalism and Functionalism Reconsidered p. 11

Formalism, Functionalism, Ignorance, Judge Frank H. Easterbrook p. 13

Relationships Between Formalism and Functionalism in Separation of Powers Cases William N. Eskridge, Jr. p. 21

Toward a Principled Interpretation of the Commerce Clause Thomas W. Merrill p. 31

Formalism, Functionalism, and the Separation of Powers Burt Neuborne p. 45

Panel II: Congress and the Judiciary p. 53

Introduction: Trust and Jurisdiction—The Tug-of-War between Congress and the Federal Courts Dennis Jacobs p. 55

Religion in Congress and the Courts: Issues of Institutional Competence Lillian R. BeVier p. 59

Federalism As a Structural Threat to Liberty Douglas Laycock p. 67

Congress As Partner/Congress As Adversary Lawrence G. Sager p. 85

Panel III: Constitutional Federalism Reborn p. 91

Introduction: Constitutional Federalism Reborn Alex Kozinski p. 93

The Revival of States’ Rights: A Progress Report and a Proposal Lynn A. Baker p. 95

The Necessary and Proper Clause As an Intrinsic Restraint on Federal Lawmaking Power David E. Engdahl p. 107

But When Exactly Was Judicially-Enforced Federalism “Born” in the First Place? Larry D. Kramer p. 123

American Political Culture and the Failures of Process Federalism William Marshall p. 139

Panel IV: Federalism in Constitutional Context p. 157

Introduction: Federalism in Constitutional Context Max Boot p. 159

Context and Complementarity within Federalism Doctrine Evan H. Caminker p. 161

In the Beginning Are the States John C. Harrison p. 173

Federalism in Constitutional Context Roderick M. Hills, Jr. p. 181

Judicial Review and Federalism John C. Yoo p. 197

Panel V: Undoing the New Deal? p. 205

Introduction: Undoing the New Deal Pasco M. Bowman II p. 207

The Cartelization of Commerce Richard A. Epstein p. 209

The Constitutional Virtues and Vices of the New Deal Akhil Reed Amar p. 219

Undoing the New Deal through the New Presidentialism Cynthia R. Farina p. 227

Evaluating the New Deal Richard B. Stewart p. 239


Formalism and State Sovereignty in Printz v. United States: Cooperation by Consent Andrew S. Gold p. 247

Mend It Or End It? What To Do with the Independent Counsel Statute Julian A. Cook, III

Recent Cases

The United State Courts of Appeals, 1998

Cutting the Gordian Knot of Affirmative Action: Lutheran Church-Missouri Syndod v. FCC, 141 F.3d 344 (D.C. Cir. 1998) p. 339

The Sixth Circuit Navigates the Post-Romer Wreckage: Equality Foundation of Greater Cincinatti, Inc. v. City of Cincinatti, 128 F.3d 289 (6th Cir. 1997) p. 351

Volume 21, Number 3 Summer 1998


Blaine’s Wake: School Choice, The First Amendment, and State Constitutional Law Joseph P. Viteritti p. 657

Gun Shy: The Second Amendment as an “Underenforced Constitutional Norm” Brannon P. Denning p. 719

Who Counts?: Determining the Availability of Minority Businesses for Public Contracting After Croson George R. La Noue p. 793

Shall We Kill all the Lawyers First?: Insider and Outsider Views of the Legal Profession Amy E. Black and Stanley Rothman p. 835

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1996 Term

The Supreme Court’s Shifting Tolerance for Public Aid to Parochial Schools and the Implications for Educational Choice: Agostini v. Felton, 117 S. Ct. 1997 (1997)

p. 861

Recent Case Ninth Circuit Ignores Principles of Federalism and the Rooker-Feldman Doctrine: Bates v. Jones, 131 F.3d 843 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc) p. 881

Volume 21, Number 2 Spring 1998


The Strange Career of Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment Eugene Scalia p. 307

Cyberjam: The Law and Economics of Internet Congestion of the Telephone Network J. Gregory Sidak and Daniel F. Spulber p. 327

Toward a More Coherent Dormant Commerce Clause: A Proposed Unitary Framework Michael A. Lawrence p. 395

Toward a Comprehensive Understanding of the Federal Appointments Process Michael J. Gerhardt p. 467

The Federal Common Law of ERISA Jeffrey A. Brauch p. 541


Will Laywering Strangle Democratic Capitalism?: A Retrospective The Honorable Laurence H. Silberman p. 607

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1996 Term

Free Speech and Freer Speech: Glickman v. Wileman Bros. & Elliot, Inc., 117 S. Ct. 2130 (1997) p. 623

Congress Fumbles with the Internet: Reno v. ACLU, 117 S.Ct. 2329 (1997) p. 637

Volume 21, Number 1 Fall 1997


Law and Economics and the Rule of Law

Federalist Society Assistant Editors p. 1

Panel I: What Is the “Law” in Law and Economics p. 3

Law, Economics, and the Power of the State Lillian R. BeVier p. 5

The Judiciary and Free Markets Henry G. Manne p. 11

Limits to Economics as a Norm for Judicial Decisions Stephen F. Williams p. 39

Law, Science, and Law and Economics Mark V. Tushnet p. 47

Panel II: Law, Economics, and Social Conservatism p. 53

Introduction: Law, Economics, and Social Conservatism Carolyn B. Kuhl p. 55

Externalities Everywhere?: Morals and the Police Power Richard A. Epstein p. 61

Of Sex and Drugs, and Rock’N’Roll: Does Law and Economics Support Social Regulation? Eric Rasmusen p. 71

Panel III: The Attraction of Law and Economics: Is Law an Autonomous Discipline? p. 83

Introduction: Is Law an Autonomous Discipline? Steven L. Schwarcz p. 85

The Autonomy of Law in Law and Economics Cass R. Sunstein p. 89

Law is a Sometime Autonomous Discipline E. Allan Farnsworth p. 95

Standards, Rules, and Social Norms Eric A. Posner p. 101

Panel IV: How Should Judges Use Economics? p. 119

Law and Economics Should be Used for Economic Questions David B. Sentelle p. 121

Judges and Economics: Normative, Positive, and Experimental Perspectives Saul Levmore p. 129

Three Proposals to Harness Private Information in Contract Ian Ayres p. 135

What Would Burke Think of Law and Economics? Stephen B. Presser p. 147

Panel V: Law And. . . .

The Market for “Law-and” Scholarship Robert C. Ellickson p. 157

Law and the Social Sciences Jonathan R. Macey p. 171

Panel VI: Public Choice and the Structural Constitution p. 179

Class Legislation, Public Choice, and the Structural Constitution Jeffrey Rosen p. 181

The Original Constitution and its Decline: A Public Choice Perspective John O. McGinnis p. 195

Purchasing Political Inaction: How Regulators Use the Threat of Legal “Reform” to Extort Payoffs Fred S. McChesney p. 211

Does Public Choice Theory Justify Judicial Activism After All? Thomas W. Merrill p. 219

Book Review

Scalia Contra Mundum Hadley Arkes p. 231

Recent Developments T

he Supreme Court of the United States, 1997 Term

Privatizing Section 1983 Immunity: The Prison Guard’s Dilemma After Richardson v. McKnight, 117 S. Ct. 2100 (1997) p. 251

Balancing Away the Freedom of Speech: Turner Broadcasting System v. FCC, 117 S. Ct. 1174 (1997) p. 272

A Jurisdictional Vacuum in the Wake of Camps Newfound/Owatonna?: Camps Newfound/Owatonna v. Town of Harrison, 117 S. Ct. 1590 (1997) p. 288

Volume 20, Issue 3 Summer 1997


Natural Law v. Natural Rights: What Are They – How Do They Differ?

Natural-Law Originalism – Or Why Justice Scalia (Almost) Gets It Right Douglas W. Kmiec p. 627

A Law Professor’s Guide to Natural Law and Natural Rights Randy E. Barnett p. 655

The Dangers of Natural Rights Richard Tuck p. 683

Do Natural Rights Derive from Natural Law? Michael P. Zuckert p. 695


The “Conservation Game”: The Possibility of Voluntary Cooperation in Preserving Buildings of Cultural Importance Daphna Lewinsohn-Zamir p. 733

The Economics of Airline Safety and Security: An Analysis of the White House Commission’s Recommendations Robert W. Hahn p. 791

Building Trust: Conservatives and the Environment Mark Eliot Shere p. 829

The Rule of Saint Benedict: The Debates over the Interpretation of an Ancient Legal and Spiritual Document James L. J. Nuzzo p. 867


The Tao of Federalism Calvin R. Massey p. 887

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1996 Term

An Improper Extension of Civil Litigation by Indigents: M. L. B. v. S. L. J., 117 S. Ct. 555 (1996) p. 905

A Valuation Standard That is Difficult to Swallow: Interpreting § 506(a) of the Bankruptcy Code in Associates Commerical Corp. v. Rash, 117 S. Ct. 1879 (1997) p. 921

Recent Case

Cramming Down the House: The Valuation of Collateral in In re Taffi, 96 F.3d 1190 (1996) p. 937

Volume 20, Number 2 Winter 1997

Symposium Justice and the Criminal Justice Process–Symposium on Law and Public Policy-1996

Federalist Society Assistant Editors p. 323

Panel I: Protections Against Self Incrimination: a Path or Roadblock to Justice? p. 325

Miranda’s “Negligible” Effect on Law Enforcement: Some Skeptical Observations Paul G. Cassell p. 327

Bashing Miranda Is Unjustified–And Harmful Stephen J. Schulhofer p. 347

Miranda Stories Peter Arenella p. 375

Panel II: Justice for All? Racial Minorities, Crime Victims, and the Local Community p. 389

Civil Rights and the Criminal Justice System Clint Bolick p. 391

Race, the Criminal Justice System, and Community-Oriented Policing Reuben M. Greenberg p. 397

Crime, Politics, and Race Samuel R. Gross p. 405

Racism in the Criminal Justice System: Problems and Suggestions Thomas J. Nolan p. 417

Panel III: What Belongs in a Criminal Trial: the Role of Exclusionary Rules p. 423

Six Observations on the Exclusionary Rule The Honorable Stephen J. Markman p. 425

Counter-Revolution in Constitutional Criminal Procedure? Carol S. Steiker p. 435

The Virtues and Vices of the Exclusionary Rule William J. Stuntz p. 443

Against Exclusion (Except to Protect Truth Or Prevent Privacy Violations) Akhil Reed Amar p. 457

Panel IV: Juries and the Criminal Justice System: What Role? p. 467

A Unanimous Jury Is Fundamental to Our Democracy Barbara A. Babcock p. 469

Jury Bashing and the O.J. Simpson Gerald F. Uelmen p. 475

What Is Wrong with American Juries and How to Fix It Richard K. Willard p. 483

Making Juries Better Factfinders Daniel P. Collins p. 489

Panel V: The Role of Lawyers and the Search for Truth in the Criminal Justice System p. 501

Adversary Inferences Frank H. Easterbrook p. 503

The Adversarial-Accusatorial Label: A Constraint on the Search for Truth Joseph D. Grano p. 513

Criminal Defense Lawyers and the Search for Truth Charles M. Sevilla p. 519

Panel VI: Feds Fighting Crime: When and How p. 529

Criticisms of Federal Counter-Terrorism Laws Nadine Strossen p. 531

A National Strategy against Crime, Richard K. Willard p. 543


Market Ordering versus Statutory Control of Termination Decisions: A Case for the Inefficiency of Just Cause Dismissal Requirements John P. Frantz p. 555

Recent Development

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1995 Term

A Case for Speedier Executions: Felker v. Turpin, 116 S. Ct. 2333 (1996) p. 605

Recent Case A Quick Case for Including Same-Sex Harassment Under Title VII: Quick v. Donaldson, Co., Inc., 90 F.3d 1372 (8th Cir. 1996) p. 615

Volume 20, Issue 1 Fall 1996

Volume Introduction

Introduction: Twentieth Anniversary Volume, Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy E. Spencer Abraham p. 1


Remarks in Honor of Chief Justice Warren E. Burger Supreme Court of the United States The Hon. J. Michael Luttig p. 19


Political Economy of Just Compensation: Lessons from the Military Draft for the Takings Issue, The Fischel, William A. p. 23

Comment on Fischel’s Political Economy of Just Compensation Robert E. Litan p. 65

Takings Legislation: A Comment Robert C. Ellickson p. 75

Takings and Progressive Rate Taxation Calvin R. Massey p. 85

The Model Physician-Assisted Suicide Act and the Jurisprudence of Death Scott Fitzgibbon and Kwan Kew Lai p. 127

The Use and Abuse of History in Compassion in Dying Dwight G. Duncan and Peter Lubin p. 175

Colorado’s Amendment 2: A Result in Search of a Reason John Daniel Dailey and Paul Farley p. 215

Recent Developments

The Supreme Court of the United States, 1995 Term

Innocent Owners and Guilty Property: Bennis v. Michigan, 116 S. Ct. 994 (1996) p. 279

Civil Forfeiture as Jeopardy: United States v. Ursery, 116 S. Ct. 2135 (1996) p. 292

“Worse than TXO”: Substantive Due Reasonableness in BMW of North America v. Gore, 116 S. Ct. 1589 (1996) p. 310